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Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Three-Arm, 12-Month, Safety and Efficacy Study of TRx0237 Monotherapy in Subjects With Alzheimer’s Disease Followed by a 12-Month Open-Label Treatment


Brief Summary:

The purpose of this study is to determine the safety and efficacy of TRx0237 16 mg/day and 8
mg/day in the treatment of subjects with Alzheimer’s Disease compared to placebo. In
addition, an open-label, delayed-start phase is included to demonstrate a disease-modifying
effect of TRx0237.


Inclusion Criteria:

– Diagnosis of Alzheimer’s Disease (AD), encompassing probable AD and mild cognitive
impairment due to AD (MCI-AD) based on the 2011 National Institute on Aging and
Alzheimer’s Association (NIA/AA) criteria

– Documented PET scan that is positive for amyloid

– Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) score of 16-27 (inclusive)

– Global Clinical Dementia Rating (CDR) of 0.5 to 2 (if 0.5, including a score of >0 in
one of the functional domains: Community Affairs, Home and Hobbies, or Personal Care)

– Age <90 years - Females must be surgically sterile, have undergone bilateral tubal occlusion / ligation, be post-menopausal, or use adequate contraception - Subject, and/or, in the case of reduced decision-making capacity, legally acceptable representative(s) consistent with national law is/are able to read, understand, and provide written informed consent in the designated language of the study site - Has one or more identified adult study partner who either lives with the subject or has sufficient contact to provide assessment of changes in subject behavior and function over time and information on safety and tolerability; is willing to provide written informed consent for his/her own participation; is able to read, understand, and speak the designated language(s) at the study site; agrees to accompany the subject to each study visit; and is able to verify daily compliance with study drug - Must not be taking an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor and/or memantine for at least 60 days at the time of the Baseline assessments - Able to comply with the study procedures in the view of the Investigator Exclusion Criteria: - Significant central nervous system disorder other than probable AD or MCI-AD - Significant intracranial focal or vascular pathology seen on brain MRI scan that would lead to a diagnosis other than probable AD or MCI-AD - Clinical evidence or history of cerebrovascular accident; transient ischemic attack; significant head injury, for example, associated loss of consciousness, skull fracture or persisting cognitive impairment; other unexplained or recurrent loss of consciousness for ≥15 minutes - Epilepsy (a single prior seizure >6 months prior to Screening is considered

– Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition criteria met for
major depressive disorder; schizophrenia; other psychotic disorders, bipolar disorder;
substance (including alcohol) related disorders

– Metal implants in the head, pacemaker, cochlear implants, or any other non-removable
items that are contraindications to MRI

– Resides in hospital or moderate to high dependency continuous care facility

– Any physical disability that would prevent completion of study procedures or

– History of swallowing difficulties

– Pregnant or breastfeeding

– Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency

– History of significant hematological abnormality or current acute or chronic
clinically significant abnormality

– Abnormal serum chemistry laboratory value at Screening deemed to be clinically
significant by the Investigator

– Clinically significant cardiovascular disease or abnormal electrocardiogram

– Pre-existing or current signs or symptoms of respiratory failure

– Concurrent acute or chronic clinically significant immunologic, hepatobiliary, or
endocrine disease and/or other unstable or major disease other than probable AD or

– Diagnosis of cancer (excluding basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, or
prostate carcinoma in situ [Stage 1]) within the past 2 years or a previous (>2 years)
diagnosis of cancer that has required any form of intervention or treatment within the
past 2 years

– Prior intolerance or hypersensitivity to methylthioninium (MT)-containing drug or
methemoglobinemia induced by MT-containing drug, similar organic dyes, or any of the

– Treatment currently or within 90 days before Baseline with Souvenaid®, clozapine,
carbamazepine, primidone, valproate, or drugs for which there is a warning or
precaution in the labeling about methemoglobinemia at approved doses

– Current or prior participation in any clinical trial of TRx0237; a clinical trial of a
product for cognition prior to Baseline in which the last dose was received within 90
days prior to Baseline unless confirmed to have been randomized to placebo; or a
clinical trial of any other investigational drug, biologic, device, or medical food in
which the last dose was received within 28 days prior to Baseline


  • CITrials, Bellflower, California, United States, 90706
  • ATP Clinical Research, Inc., Costa Mesa, California, United States, 92626
  • HB Clinical Trials Inc., Fountain Valley, California, United States, 92708
  • Fullerton Neurology and Headache Center, Fullerton, California, United States, 92835
  • Behavioral Research Specialist, LLC, Glendale, California, United States, 91206
  • Paradigm Research, La Mesa, California, United States, 91942
  • Senior Clinical Trials, Inc., Laguna Hills, California, United States, 92653
  • Hoag Memorial Hospital Presbyterian, Newport Beach, California, United States, 92663
  • Excell Research, Inc., Oceanside, California, United States, 92056
  • Sutter Institute for Medical Research, Sacramento, California, United States, 95816
  • Sharp Mesa Vista Hospital, San Diego, California, United States, 92123
  • CITrials, Santa Ana, California, United States, 92705
  • Syrentis Clinical Research, Santa Ana, California, United States, 92705
  • California Neuroscience Medical Group, Sherman Oaks, California, United States, 91403
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