skip to Main Content

Cortical Stimulation to Treat Mood and Behavioral Symptoms in Parkinson’s


Brief Summary:

This study will investigate cortical stimulation to treat mood and behavioral symptoms in
Parkinson’s disease patients.


Inclusion Criteria:

– Ability to give informed consent for the study

– Age 30-75

– Diagnosis of Parkinson’s disease by a movement disorders specialist

– Movement disorder symptoms that are sufficiently severe, in the setting of best
medical therapy, to warrant surgical implantation of deep brain stimulators according
to standard clinical criteria

– UPDRS-III score off medication between 20 and 80 and an improvement of at least 30% in
the baseline UPDRS-III on medication score, compared to the baseline off-medication

OR Patients with tremor-dominant PD (a tremor score of at least 2 on a UPDRS-III sub-score
for tremor), treatment resistant, with significant functional disability despite maximal
medical management OR Patients intolerant to medication causing significant functional

– Have one or several mild to moderate mood or impulsive behavior as defined by:

1. depression (BDI>=13)

2. anxiety (BAI >=7)

3. impulsive behavior as indicated by a positive score on the QUIP-A (Questionnaire
for Impulsive-Compulsive disorders in Parkinson’s Disease) or as determined by
clinical interview or informant report

4. Mood or behavior symptom fluctuations corresponding to minimum 30% improvement in
non-motor symptoms when comparing visual analogue scales (VAS) scores in the on
versus off medication state

– Stable doses of anti-Parkinsonian medications for at least 30 days prior to their
baseline assessment.

Exclusion Criteria:

– Pregnancy or breast feeding

– MRI showing cortical atrophy out of proportion to age

– MRI showing focal brain lesions that could indicate a disorder other than idiopathic

– Major comorbidity increasing the risk of surgery (prior stroke, severe hypertension,
severe diabetes, or need for chronic anticoagulation other than aspirin)

– Any prior intracranial surgery except DBS surgery

– Significant cognitive impairment (MoCA<20). - History of seizures - Immunocompromised - Has an active infection - Requires diathermy, electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) or transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) to treat a chronic condition - Inability to comply with study follow-up visits - Any personality or mood symptoms that study personnel believe will interfere with study requirements.


  • UCSF Surgical Movement Disorders Center, San Francisco, California, United States, 94115
Back To Top