Transcranial to create a unilateral lesion in the globus pallidus as an adjunct to PD
medications in subjects who are over 30 years of age and considered medication-refractory
with advanced idiopathic Parkinson’s disease (PD).
– Men and women, age 30 years and older
– Subjects who are able and willing to give informed consent and able to attend all
study visits through 24 Months
– Subjects with a diagnosis of idiopathic PD
– Levodopa responsive as defined by at least a 30% reduction in MDS-UPDRS motor subscale
in the ON vs OFF medication state.
– Disabling motor complications of PD on optimum medical treatment
– Predominant disability from one side of the body (i.e unilateral or markedly
asymmetric disease) as determined by movement disorders neurologist and neurosurgeon
– Subjects should be on a stable dose of all PD medications for 30 days prior to study
– Subject is able to communicate sensations during the ExAblate Transcranial procedure.
– Presence of other central neurodegenerative disease suspected on neurological
examination. These include: multisystem atrophy, progressive supranuclear palsy,
corticobasal syndrome, dementia with Lewy bodies, and Alzheimer’s disease.
– Any suspicion that Parkinsonian symptoms are a side effect from neuroleptic
– Subjects who have had deep brain stimulation or a prior stereotactic ablation of the
– Unstable psychiatric disease, defined as active uncontrolled depressive symptoms,
psychosis, delusions, hallucinations, or suicidal ideation. Subjects with stable,
chronic anxiety or depressive disorders may be included provided their medications
have been stable for at least 60 days prior to study entry and if deemed appropriately
managed by the site neuropsychologist
– Subjects with significant depression as determined following a comprehensive
assessment by a neuropsychologist.
– Legal incapacity or limited legal capacity as determined by the neuropsychologist
– Subjects exhibiting any behavior(s) consistent with ethanol or substance abuse
– Subjects with unstable cardiac status including:
1. Unstable angina pectoris on medication
2. Subjects with documented myocardial infarction within six months of protocol
3. Significant congestive heart failure defined with ejection fraction < 40 4. Subjects with unstable ventricular arrhythmias 5. Subjects with atrial arrhythmias that are not rate-controlled - Severe hypertension (diastolic BP > 100 on medication)
– Current medical condition resulting in abnormal bleeding and/or coagulopathy
– Receiving anticoagulant (e.g. warfarin) or antiplatelet (e.g. aspirin) therapy within
one week of focused ultrasound procedure or drugs known to increase risk or hemorrhage
(e.g. Avastin) within one month of focused ultrasound procedure
– Subjects with risk factors for intraoperative or postoperative bleeding as indicated
by: platelet count less than 100,000 per cubic millimeter, a documented clinical
coagulopathy, or INR coagulation studies exceeding the institution’s laboratory
– Patient with severely impaired renal function with estimated glomerular filtration
rate <30 mL/min/1.73m2 (or per local standards should that be more restrictive) and/or who is on dialysis; - Subjects with standard contraindications for MR imaging such as non-MRI compatible implanted metallic devices including cardiac pacemakers, size limitations, etc. - Significant claustrophobia that cannot be managed with mild medication. - Subjects who are not able or willing to tolerate the required prolonged stationary supine position during treatment. - History of intracranial hemorrhage - History of multiple strokes, or a stroke within past 6 months - Subjects with a history of seizures within the past year - Subjects with brain tumors - Subjects with intracranial aneurysms requiring treatment or arterial venous malformations (AVMs) requiring treatment. - Are participating or have participated in another clinical trial in the last 30 days - Any illness that in the investigator's opinion preclude participation in this study. - Subjects unable to communicate with the investigator and staff. - Pregnancy or lactation.
- Stanford University Medical Center, Stanford, California, United States, 94305